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. () , . -2.1.1959 -1 (Luna-1, Луна-1), . 34 -6,000 " , ( ). -1 . ( ), " ", .


. -12.9.1959 -2. -1 – , -90 " , . , - , . , -2 100,000 " . , . 33.5 -2, , 180 ". , , .


" . 1961, ( - ), , . 1961 "'" (Ranger)– . . , , , . '-7 - 1964 , , . , -1966 (-9) , . ( Surveyor-1), .


, , , . " " – (-1964 , , ). ), . , 1967, . , , (Korolyov), , , . , , ( -1963). ' (Gemini) -1965-66, , , . ( ) "" (Apollo), . , , 1968 7 (11 ) . 8, , , (Borman, Lovell & Anders), .


, . , , "" (Zond, "" ), "". , . , , , . , , . "" , , , (Armstrong, Aldrin & Collins ) " 11" 1969 – . , " ( , , ) . , -1972, , – . 39 , , . , , .

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